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2024/2025 WAEC Government Syllabus – Latest waec syllabus for government

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) 2024 WAEC Government Syllabus 2024, Latest 2024 WAEC Syllabus for Government Exam is out.

2024/2025 WAEC Government Syllabus

We are pleased to inform all WAEC students participating in the WASSCE exam that the WAEC official has released the latest WAEC 2024 government syllabus.

The 2024 Waec Government Syllabus contains all the recommended topics to read and study against your Waec exam.

2024 WAEC Government Syllabus – Latest WAEC Syllabus for Government.

PREAMBLE

This syllabus aims to assess the candidate’s ability to

(a) define the concept of Government and show his understanding of its principles, institutions, and processes;

(b) recognize his role as an informed citizen and his contribution towards the achievement of national development;

(c) evaluate the successes, failures, and problems of governments in West Africa;

(d) appreciate the role of his country as a member of the international community.

RUBRICS AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

There will be two papers – Papers 1 and 2, which must be taken.

PAPER 1: An hour-long multiple-choice objective test will consist of fifty (50) questions covering the entire syllabus, with a weighted contribution of 40%.

PAPER 2: A 2½-hour essay-type test will include sections A and B.

SECTION A: ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT

This shall contain five (5) questions, of which candidates must attempt any two (2) only.

SECTION B: POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN

WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

This shall contain seven (7) questions, of which candidates must attempt any three (3) only. The weighted contribution of this paper shall be 60%.

DETAILED SYLLABUS

SECTION A: ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT

1. MEANING AND SCOPE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER – GOVERNMENT

(i) Government as an institution of the state.

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(ii) Government as a process or art of governing.

(iii) Government as an academic field of study.

2. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT

(i) Basic Concepts – Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty, Democracy, Political Culture, Political Socialization, Communalism, Socialism, Communism, Capitalism, Feudalism, Fascism, Nazism, Totalitarianism, Society, State and Nation, Colonialism and Nationalism.

(ii) Basic Principles – Rule of Law, Fundamental Human Rights, Separation of Powers/Checks and balances, Constitutionalism, Political Participation, Representative Government, Centralization and Decentralization – (Delegated Legislation, Devolution and Deconcentration).

3. CONSTITUTIONS

(i) Definition and sources.

(ii) Scope.

(iii) Types – Written and Unwritten; rigid and flexible.

(iv) Functions.

4. TYPES/FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

Unitary, Federal, Confederal, Presidential or non-parliamentary, Parliamentary or Cabinet, Monarchical and Republican.

5. ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

The Executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. (Types/structure, composition/membership, functions, power, and limitations).

6. CITIZENSHIP

Status, Rights, Duties, and Obligations of individuals in the state.

7. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS

(i) Political Parties – definition, organization, types and functions.

(ii) Party Systems – definition, types, and characteristics.

8. THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

(i) Meaning, Types and Suffrage.

(ii) Purposes of Elections.

(iii) Organization of Elections – Features of free and fair elections; stages of elections.

(iv) Types and characteristics of Electoral systems.

(v) Electoral Commission – Roles or duties of electoral commissions. Problems,

Organization and Characteristics.

9. PRESSURE GROUPS AND PUBLIC OPINION

(i) Pressure Groups – definition, types, characteristics, mode of operation and functions.

(ii) Public Opinion – definition, formation, measurement, and functions.

10. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

(i) Definition of Public Administration.

(ii) Civil Service – Meaning, Structure, Characteristics, and Functions.

(iii) The Public/Civil Service Commission – Composition and Functions.

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(iv) Public Corporations – definition, purposes, functions, organization, control, and problems.

(v) Local Governments – Meaning, Types, Purposes, Functions, Sources of Revenue, Control,

Problems and Reforms.

SECTION B: POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN WEST AFRICA

AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

1. PRE-COLONIAL POLITICAL SYSTEMS OF CANDIDATES’

RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.

The Structural Organization of the following:

(a) Nigeria – Hausa/Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo.

(b) Ghana – The Akan, the Ewe and the Mole Dagbani.

(c) Sierra Leone – The Mende and Temne.

(d) The Gambia – The Wolof and Mandingo.

(e) Liberia – The Vai and the Kru.

2. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION

(i) Reasons for Colonialism.

(ii) The policy and structure of the British Colonial Administration – Crown Colony, Protectorate and Indirect Rule.

(iii) The policy of French Colonial Administration – Assimilation and Association.

(iv) Chieftaincy during the colonial period – status and functions.

3. NATIONALISM IN WEST AFRICA

(i) Nationalism before the Second World War (Proto-nationalism) – Meaning, features and factors.

(ii) Nationalism after the Second World War – factors, growth, and effects.

4. CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS OF CANDIDATES’

RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

(i) Pre-independence Constitutions – (Background, main features, merits, and demerits)

(a) Nigeria – Clifford 1922,

Richards 1946,

Macpherson 1951,

Lyttleton 1954.

(b) Ghana – Clifford 1916,

Guggisberg 1925,

Burns 1946,

Arden Clarke 1951,

Nkrumah 1954.

(c) Sierra Leone – Slater 1924,

Stevenson 1947,

Beresford Stooke 1951,

The 1956 and 1958 Constitutions.

(d) The Gambia – 1947, 1951, 1954, 1960, 1962 and 1963

Constitutions.

Post-independence Constitutions – (Background, main features, merits, and demerits)

(a) Nigeria – Independence Constitution 1960,

Republican Constitution 1963,

The 1979 and 1989 Constitutions.

(b) Ghana – Independence Constitution 1957,

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Republican Constitution 1960,

2nd Republican Constitution 1969,

The 1979 and 1992 Constitutions.

(c) Sierra Leone – Independence Constitution 1961,

Republican Constitution 1971,

The 1978 and 1991 Constitutions.

(d) The Gambia – Independence Constitution 1965,

Republican Constitution 1970.

(e) Liberia – Independence/Republican Constitution 1985.

5. DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE

CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

Nigeria;

Ghana;

Sierra Leone;

The Gambia;

Liberia.

Formation, objectives, achievements, and failures.

6. MILITARY RULE IN THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

Nigeria;

Ghana;

Sierra Leone;

The Gambia;

Liberia.

7. FEDERAL/UNITARY SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN

WEST AFRICA

Factors, Structures, Features, and Problems.

8. FOREIGN POLICIES OF THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE

COUNTRIES

Nigeria;

Ghana;

Sierra Leone;

The Gambia;

Liberia.

Definitions, Factors, Advantages and Disadvantages.

9. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

The United Nations Organization (UNO);

The Organization of African Unity (OAU);

The Commonwealth;

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

Origin aims/objectives, organizational structure, functions, achievements, and problems.

W.A.S.S.C.E GOVERNMENT SUGGESTED READING LIST

AUTHOR

TITLE

1. A. CAPPADOCIA

2. J. H. PRICE

3. C. A. LEEDS

4. C. F. STRONG

5. W. E. F. WARD

6. G. Y. AMOAH

7. ROBER S. JORDAN

8. DARE & OYEWOLE

9. OYEDIRAN & OTHERS

10. FRANCIS ADIGWE

11. DENNIS AUSTIN

12. T. HODGKIN

13. E. A. KEAY & H. THOMAS

The Substance of Politics

Political Institutions in West Africa

Political Studies

Modern Political Institutions

Government in West Africa

Groundwork of Government for West Africa

Government and Power in West Africa

A Textbook of Government for Senior

Secondary Schools

Government for Senior Secondary Schools

(Books 1 – 3)

Essentials of Government for West Africa

Politics in Ghana 1946 – 1960

African Political Parties

West African Government

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